Paula’s Victory

Valedictorian Speech

Paula Hodgins
Poster Child and Valedictorian for CDI College
during her speech at Delta Edmonton.
October 25, 2013

To be a college Valedictorian is an honour and great accomplishment for anyone, but for Paula, it is a fairy-tale ending to a difficult school-age life.

Paula has found her niche. Her professionalism has impressed people up to the Canadian federal court. May she continue to be an inspiration to others who are on life’s uncertain road.

In April 2011, at age 20, Paula nearly lost her life to the onset of Type 1 Diabetes.

In December 2011 and January 2012, she nearly lost her post-secondary program (and her future) to what I collectively refer to as preventable matters, ineptitude of others, and lack of forthrightness on the part of a particular financial institution.

Prior to post-secondary school, Paula struggled with severe test anxiety that often gave her scores of 20% lower than her abilities warranted.

Her life was far from rosy on both the emotional and physical fronts. She had to grow up early. She had to put in 18 to 20-hour days for years, combining school and work. Once diabetes set in, her basic living expenses increased. She faced health-related and other challenges. In spite of this, she didn’t miss a single day of classes in the Professional Legal Studies program at CDI College.

Paula’s tenacity, determination, courage, willpower, and belief in herself paid off. She learned to overcome the negative effects of her diabetes, her fears, her test anxiety, and much more, arming herself with skills and a level of maturity beyond her years, indisputable assets for her upcoming career as well as for life. However, had it not been for some key people in Paula’s program, her merit may have gone unrecognized, as happens to many worthy people in our society. Timing is everything, and windows of opportunity are narrow. Nonetheless, one must be meticulously prepared for them, as Paula had been.

I’m not just a proud mom showing off her successful daughter with endless bad-quality smartphone pictures. Day after day, I continue to be floored by her triumph against all odds in the face of such long-term adversity. I am also honoured to have been a part of her journey, and thankful that my limited resources were enough to make a difference.

The events of the last three years have been disproportionately difficult to the point that they would baffle statisticians–an endless line of hardships and disappointments. Paula’s future had hung by a thread. But it did not snap. And today she crosses the line into a new frontier.

___

Special thanks to Kevin Rohoman, Jennifer Dupuis, and CDI College in Edmonton, AB, who gave the gift of a future to a young life.

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Inspired By Disney

Disney World
Photo Credit
Leslie Sanches Hodgins

My oldest daughter first showed me that dreams come true. At age six, she wanted to go to Disney World. I told her the only way that would happen is if she went on her own when she got older—but to hang on to that dream and make it come true. She did. At age 19, she saved up her money and paid her own way, experiencing Disney World in Florida with the two friends who went with her. I was always proud of her for that—for not giving up on something that was important to her in spite of initially impossible means and years passing by. She had achieved something I had not at more than twice her age.

In the five years that followed my daughter’s successful trip, I lost sight of that lesson because I was too snowed under making ends meet to contemplate, dream, or plan anything for myself. Perhaps I believed dreams only happened to others and not to me; my life was proof of that—my dreams had either never materialized or crumbled.

I think the lesson is that you have to believe.

My daughter had become a creator of her own destiny. The fact that it could be done was now proven.

It is when we stop accepting, and start expecting, that we start designing the means to our destinies. Once we take control, we can shape our futures and work toward manifesting our longest-standing dreams.

If we can imagine what we want, and begin to navigate in that direction, eventually the answers we seek will be answered, and a way will become possible. And we do not need to have all the answers before we set out. The number one way to kill a person’s career and life dreams is to demand to see all the methodologies and proof of success up front.

Passion and long-term commitment are stronger indicators of success than initial ability or economic statistics.

I could have said to my daughter, “People like us will never get to Disney World.” But I carefully did not say that. I passed the power to her. Who was I to judge whether going to Disney World was a valid venture, worth the money, or even possible to achieve?

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Evaluation: In the Eye of the Beholder

I grew up believing, as did so many in our generation, that you present your attributes to the world, get evaluated objectively, and based on that evaluation, get assigned the lifestyle that you have “earned.”

Instead, it is this wisdom that prevails: You do not present yourself to the world to be evaluated. You assign yourself a value and then present yourself to the world.

The first way, where you wait for the world to evaluate you, assumes that your judges have the ability to assess you, that they are objective, and that they have your best interests in mind. In reality, your judges are subjective people who have a sphere of life experience that may be vastly different from your own, are subjective and emotional, and have their own interests, problems, prejudices, and beliefs through which their perception of you is filtered.

Waiting for evaluation is what happens in school. If the subject is math, which isn’t subjective and can’t be contested, and you know your stuff, you’ll probably get an A. Tests may evaluate some knowledge, but it is well known today that they do not assess a person’s multiple intelligences accurately. Note that in English and social studies you have to utilize talents and attributes—if you’re lucky to already have them—to the tune of insight, maturity, cultural knowledge, inference, persuasion, written language ability, and the ability to read your teacher and understand the rubric, in addition to knowing the structure of an essay and the facts in the textbook, to get your good marks.

How do you explain all those who, at some point in their lives, had been written off, and yet today are well-known names—people respected for their abilities, insights, or inventions? Thomas Edison: assessed by the teacher in elementary school for being “addled,” when he was, in fact, partially deaf. He went on to open a series of companies and become the greatest inventor of the twentieth century. Who else? Lucille Ball: “too shy.” The Beatles: “their guitar music is on the way out.” Michael Jordan: “cut from the school’s basketball team.” Walt Disney: “no original ideas.”

In this motivational video, who is the real problem? The person? Or the judge(s)?

Thus, the whole rationale many of us have lived by is backwards.

Why does the reverse work?

One thing I’ve noticed to be absolutely ubiquitous—whether in the playground or throughout incidences in history—is that people always respond to confidence. Confidence translates as knowledge and ability, which translates as desirable leadership and good decision-making.

History and the schoolyard have, however, often shown us that this is not always true. Confident people do not always have the best answers and frequently muddle things up worse than the non-confident, too shy to speak up but more knowledgeable people. Yet confident people who are good leaders continue to draw willing followers because they are convincing. Since people insist on responding in this way, we can work with it.

If you track successful people, whether they became successful right away at a young age or have taken a lifetime to figure it out, they all have something in common that they’ve applied and that works. They evaluate themselves first, which makes them confident, gives them purpose, and makes them feel that they have something to offer the world (which they do). Because they have made their evaluation first, they do not indiscriminately accept everyone else’s judgement along the way, are not as easily discouraged or sidetracked, and thus are not shaken from their cause—or their course—which is to make a living on their own terms. This living is simply an exchange of goods and/or services: they offer something to others that is considered valuable, and others reward them in a way that gives them a satisfying lifestyle.

The more they believe in themselves and persevere, the more others believe in them. When others believe in them, they find their income niche, creating that satisfying lifestyle—on their terms—doing things they want to do that simultaneously allow them to make a living and thrive. They have convinced others of their value, and hence others have valued (and paid) them.

Thus, the more you believe you can—the more you know you can—the more others believe you can, until it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. And that is why you have to assign yourself a value first and then present yourself to the world.

© 2012 Eva Blaskovic. All rights reserved.

References:
Multiple Intelligences: Howard Gardner of Harvard
Life = Risk – Motivational Video: YouTube
Dictionary.com: addled

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Investment: It Applies to People

When one hears the word investment, perhaps visions of money come to mind. However, in the greater scope of the word, to invest in something means to put something forth in the hope that it will return more value than was originally put in (also known as ROI, or return on investment). This can be true for people, goals, services, and infrastructure.

Dictionary.com defines one usage of invest (verb) as “to use, give, or devote (time, talent, etc.), as for a purpose or to achieve something.”

Investing in people

Investing in people may take infusion of money, time, skill, patience, and so on. Think of raising children, either as parents or as educators. Yet our investment in our children is an investment in our own futures; that is, where our society goes, what it will embrace, and how we will be treated when we are vulnerable and elderly people in that society.

Another example is investing in someone’s education. It is based on the premise that with better education, a person will be able to get a better job, make a better living (and thus be more self sufficient), and pay more taxes. Thus, an infusion of a certain amount of money now will translate into considerably more money later, and usually result in an ongoing source of it. For a parent, investing in a child’s education goes beyond the monetary reward: it is peace of mind that the child will do well long after the parent is gone. Extending that even further, that child, upon becoming a parent who is financially comfortable, will pass this well being on to his or her own children, thus the grandchildren of the original investor—a gift that keeps on giving.

How many volunteers have been amazed by the effects of their contribution? I have heard many say they felt they received more than they gave. This came in the form of emotional satisfaction, in the friendships or connections they made, or in the knowledge and experience they acquired. Sometimes they received credentials or got a link to a job. But at the fundamental level, their contribution of time and energy translated into helping someone to achieve something, who then ended up better off than they were before, whether it was a single person, a collective of people, an organization, or an institution.

People invest in

  • their goals
  • their education
  • their families
  • their jobs
  • their own businesses
  • causes they believe in
  • themselves
  • their hobbies
  • their relationships

in addition to any assets or financial instruments.

They invest any combination of

  • time
  • effort/energy
  • skills/talents
  • emotions/commitment/faith
  • patience
  • material resources
  • money

When what you give comes back multi-fold

Who has not heard “two heads are better than one” or “the sum of the whole is greater than the sum of its parts”?

If a person is part of your close-knit collective, not investing in that person when he or she has an opportunity to become something better is cutting yourself off at the knees. Their loss is your loss just as their gain can easily become your gain. This is particularly true in cases of shared living expenses, such as with spouses, where an increase in salary of one spouse benefits both spouses, raising the living standards of both to a new level, higher than either spouse could achieve individually. To not only deny but to actively prevent support of such an endeavour is self-destructive.

Stated in such a way, the mechanism seems obvious. Yet, in real life scenarios, it may not be as clear.

  1. To be sure, any investment involves risk, and not all investments pan out all of the time, especially when conditions change along the way. In contrast, taking no action is guaranteed to bring no improvement. Therefore, risking a number of actions may eventually lead to a success large enough to warrant any mistakes or situational changes along the way.
  2. Although the goal is clear, the path to get there and the magnitude of success, should the endeavour succeed, may not always be apparent at the outset, may be subject to change, or may come with no guarantee.
  3. A person may believe that he or she is simply giving, not realizing or forgetting that, should the investment succeed, both will receive. An example is when one spouse pays the rent/mortgage (and sometimes even contributes to fees) while the other spouse upgrades his or her education or professional development. If the second spouse starts earning double the original income because of the investment in education, then both spouses benefit. Whatever the first spouse invested—money and/or faith—can return in multiples. At double the income of one spouse, the couple’s yearly combined income is much higher than their previous potential, and this continues year after year.

Investing in others—the ones you select and want to invest in—often equates to investing in yourself, either directly or indirectly, and can manifest as true gains or simply a healthy satisfaction. I have known people who were either too selfish or too fearful to invest in others. They were driven by the idea that it was a one-way transaction, so they felt they were not obligated to help anyone. Well, certainly they weren’t. Investing in someone is a choice, of course.

It all comes down to how one defines “investment,” and what one feels it is worth.

* * *
Are human beings worth it? Read Amy’s story in Return on Investment: I’m Talking People.

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What is Plagiarism Really?

What is plagiarism? It is more than copying someone’s written work directly. It is using their ideas without a proper reference.

Liz Broomfield explains this beautifully in her article “On plagiarism,” where she states that plagiarism is really “passing other people’s work off as our own,” which includes things other than simply copying text.

This means that using ideas from a book, article, or a blog without citing (referencing) your source is plagiarism. Having someone write your work for you, Liz explains, is also plagiarism.

Confused about what plagiarism is or isn’t? Read Liz Broomfield’s complete article, “On plagiarism,” here, where she explains what plagiarism is and provides examples on what it includes.

The difference between content curation and plagiarism

We are used to information circulating on the web. Information may be taken from other sites but normally includes a reference and often a link back to the original source.

When your information is rewritten in a “fresh” article but there is no reference to you or your site, this practice crosses the line.

Daniel Sharkov, in his article “Content Curation, Plagiarism and the Difference Between the Two,” points out, “the umbrella of plagiarism actually extends beyond simple copying and pasting. For example, if you completely re-word another writer’s work, along with their sources and facts, and fail to attribute that knowledge to the source you found it from, that is also definitely considered plagiarism and is simply bad form.”

In addition, he warns, “Most websites will make an effort to cite others’ work, but sometimes shady tactics are used where the citation is so small it is unnoticeable, or the reproduction fails to include a link back.”

Curation, on the other hand, is selection of content from different sources compiled in one area with a common theme or particular slant. Curating involves transparency and contains references back to the original sources. That is the crucial difference. (See “Content Curation, Plagiarism and the Difference Between the Two” by Daniel Sharkov).

Thus, companies who hire writers to research and rephrase material on the web without citing their sources are, in effect, plagiarizing. The fact that they are re-wording the information is not enough. Without a reference, they are taking credit for the knowledge themselves.

* * *

You may also be interested in “Who’s copying your web copy?” on the Find A Proofreader site, which includes the link to Copyscape, a free online plagiarism checker.

References:

On plagiarism” – by Liz Broomfield, LibroEditing.

Content Curation, Plagiarism and the Difference Between the Two” – by Daniel Sharkov, Reviewz ‘n’ Tips.

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The New Fad of “Your”

I’m sure some of you have noticed that there is an unprecedented misuse of the homonyms “your” and “you’re.” There have always been cases of homonym confusion in the past, but today the “your” problem is out of control. It is used in all sorts of articles, e-mails, blogs, and ads by professionals, and is certainly more common among average people and youth than it was in previous decades.

What is interesting is that “your,” used incorrectly, appears with far greater frequency than an incorrect use of “you’re.”

“Your” (to mean “you’re”) is even used in the same sentence or set of points that also contains “you are.” To me, this is fascinating. What is the mechanism driving this?

  • Perhaps “your” is seen as some kind of short form of “you’re,” or that they are interchangeable.
  • Perhaps the meaning of the apostrophe is lost (like so many other forms of punctuation), and the s/’s problem could be related. (That’s the other plague that makes many people, and especially editors, rip their hair out—using apostrophes for plurals that are not possessive plurals.)
  • Yet another reason may be that people use sound as their only guide to spelling, rather than applying the meaning of what they are saying.

This last point is one of my fundamental focuses when I teach writing.

Apostrophe review

An apostrophe is used to indicate when letters and spaces have been removed. So if you want to say “you are,” you have to use “you’re” (not “your”). The apostrophe indicates that two words, a subject and verb, have been contracted (shortened) to form one word by removing a space and the letter “a.” Ask yourself where is the verb in “your”?

Other examples:

  • they are –> they’re
  • he is –> he’s
  • we will –> we’ll
  • she would –> she’d
  • we are –> we’re
  • you are –> you’re

Don’t forget the apostrophe in “we’re” as well; otherwise you have “were,” which is also a word–a past tense verb.

Notice that homonyms and words that exist, even if they are improperly placed in a text (such as “we’re” and “were”), will typically not be picked up by a spell checker in a word processor, which is one of the reasons you need to edit the text yourself, and not just rely on the program.

So “your” and “you’re” are not interchangeable. One is a possession: “your hat.” The other is a subject and verb: “you’re = you are.” Think about what you intend to say and keep this in mind when editing your own work before posting, sending, or publishing. If you mean to say “you are,” then it’s “you’re” that you need to use, not “your.”

Your clear on all that now? No! It’s “You’re clear on all that now”–isn’t it?

See also
Language Devolution: How Will It Affect Our Thinking?

Writing Tips: When to Adhere to the Rules and When to Break Them, and Why Should You Care, Anyway?

Unconfusing the Confusion About Writing: Is There Room For Imperfection?

Did You Know It’s An Editor’s Job to Work With the Author, Not Against the Author?

© 2012 Eva Blaskovic. All rights reserved.

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Do We Understand the Value of Custom Work?

Custom work is not a bunch of products on a store shelf. Unlike one-size-fits-all items put through an assembly line, custom service is a specialty item designed for one buyer, and tailored to that buyer—you.

What’s so special about custom work?

The benefit to you is what “custom” implies: targeted and designed for you and no one else, to serve your specific needs, which are usually identified by initial and ongoing communication and relationship-building between the service provider you hire and you, the client.

Some people make their living delivering custom service, often in the form of one-on-one sessions to fill a need over time. Thus, custom work does not come free. It requires the service provider’s time to get to know you and your needs, along with knowledge to analyze what’s needed and, in response, create—yes, like an artist or composer—an original product that has been designed for you only, much as a tailored suit. This is why a tailored suit fits so well and why you pay so much more for it versus the one you pull off a hanger. You pay for the tailor’s time, knowledge, and commitment to the job. The more unique your body shape and size, the greater your requirement for a tailored suit may be, and the greater the difference in the final result. It is the same idea with writing instructors, editors, life coaches, one-on-one educators, and tutors, except their services may be in a less tangible form, or the benefits and results not immediately visible.

By the very nature of custom service, the person or company who provides it sets aside and commits to a certain amount of time that, especially in cases where continuity is required over multiple sessions, is difficult to fill by substituting in someone else, and even more so if a cancellation comes at the last minute and/or only affects one scheduled session at a time. The consequence is that the service provider loses the revenue, even though his or her own bills and overhead remain constant. When this happens too often, it becomes impossible for the custom service provider to earn his or her living.

Travel: the benefit to you and the added cost to the custom service provider

In some cases, the custom service provider travels to you, which may be a benefit and convenience for you and, indeed, the reason you chose this service provider. Travelling to you increases not only the service provider’s time devoted to you, but he or she incurs additional expenses such as gasoline and wear and tear on a vehicle. This, of course, is reflected–or should be–in the price of the service. You as the client need to realize that this is the case.

Do we understand and value “custom”?

The concept of “custom”—what it truly means—is not well understood in our disposable, immediate possession, pick-and-choose-from-a-shelf of ready-made, mass-produced products society of today. (This includes free or cheap stuff on the Internet.) The value of what custom implies is under-appreciated. Perhaps some folks feel that mediocre is good enough as long as it is cheap, and some just don’t comprehend fully what they are getting for their dollar with custom-designed service. In some cases, the custom service provider actually undervalues him- or herself just to get business precisely because the value of what they’re giving is not fully understood or appreciated. Interestingly, although some people cite cost as the primary factor for not buying into the service, these same people often have no shortage of money to spend on material and entertainment items.

What do we really care about?

What it really comes down to, then, is what is considered to be important and valuable in our society at any given time. What are the demographics, but also the trends? Do we want excellence or mediocrity? Are we informed enough to know the difference? I fear in some cases we are not. Would we rather pay a fancy company thousands of dollars for a “form” solution rather than a less shiny individual who provides a superior one-on-one service that, in the long run, is more effective?

The writing, education, and literacy sectors have been hit particularly hard in some areas. Cutting corners and bandage solutions have become acceptable in some industries, such as writing and self-publishing, where a human editor is often the first service to be cut when there is a low budget. Workable options are often ignored because they are not recognized as viable solutions; this happens in education and also affects private service providers who support the education system, especially those working in a one-on-one capacity. Individual custom service providers charge reasonable fees in these sectors, often lower than most other service industries, and yet they are viewed as expensive and at the same time dispensable.

Our society’s values point to somewhere else. We dismiss that which is not immediately evident and tangible. We are not unlike crows filling our nests with shiny objects we can see and touch rather than the substance of knowledge for which our over-developed brains are designed.

This is where cultural values enter, and determine the direction in which we go.

© 2012 Eva Blaskovic. All rights reserved.

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Writing Tips: When to Adhere to the Rules and When to Break Them, and Why Should You Care, Anyway?

Surprise: there is a place for bad grammar in good writing. But when and where? And, really, why should you care?

Tips about grammar for creative writers, bloggers, professionals, employees, business owners, and just about anyone:

1. There is a place for bad grammar in good writing. But one has to use it with intent and know where it is appropriate. There is a difference between what is intended and what is sloppy, and readers can tell the difference.

2. Conventions in spelling, grammar, and punctuation are there for a reason: they facilitate comprehension. Punctuation is as powerful a tool as the words themselves and, of course, parts of speech such as “your” (possession) and “you’re” (subject and verb) as well as adding “apostrophe s” (possession or contraction) or just “s” (plural) are neither interchangeable nor are they language evolution. However, “mompreneur” is a good example of language evolution. In creative writing, there are ways to denote slang, broken speech, pauses, and so on by using slang words (gonna, goin’, ain’t, yeah), m-dashes (a line like this–to show abruptness, sudden change in thought, or a cut off sentence), and tag lines (author additions to dialogue to denote a natural pause or to give speech timing and rhythm), which help your reader to “hear” the character and the nuances of speech that make him or her real. In some blogs and advertising, casual language and “talking to the audience” in a natural tone are techniques to make the reader feel comfortable and feel a sense of familiarity. (Notice I said “techniques.” The writer has chosen to do this to achieve a desired result.)

3. Word processors and grammar checkers are a good start rather than a good finish. They cannot interpret what you really intend to say, so you need to use your own human brain to interpret the recommendations. They also miss homonyms and many other errors, and make recommendations that are outright wrong because they interpreted the use of a word in its noun form, for example, but you used it as an adjective. Beware the ‘s/s grammar checker recommendations as well. This means you need to know your grammar, know what you’re saying, and which form is correct for the way in which you used it.

4. It is not the publishing house’s job to correct all your grammar. They are busy enough–so to increase your chances of having your work looked at, no matter how wonderful your idea, put in the time to learn to write and edit well or hire an editor before you submit.

5. Since good writing and editing require years of study to learn well, it is not a requirement for everyone to be a polished writer or skilled editor–but that doesn’t mean you should put out “incomplete” work. You may not be a dentist, electrician, professional photographer, or website developer either. What do you do if you need those services? You go to someone who is trained in what you need done and you hire them. Businesses contract out for services all the time–either because they need an expert or because their time is better spent running their business. It’s the same with editing your work. If it’s important, take the time to learn writing conventions and grammar, or hire an editor.

6. Language conventions are not intuitive; they are learned. No one expects you to just “get it” or be perfect. But that doesn’t mean written work that is put out, especially permanently–such as on the web or in circulated written materials–should be unrefined. Consult dictionaries, grammar books, or skilled editors. Your writing is a reflection of you. It speaks of your general attitude and your commitment to detail, which is usually an important consideration in any line of work because it reflects credibility. Whether or not you care about writing is related to your attitude and approach toward other things, or certainly it is interpreted as such. Error-free writing shows people you are thorough, aware, and attentive–important qualities when marketing and building a client base, and when you provide a product or service people trust you with, from web design to health services to e-books. It shows people you care–you respect your readers or customers and yourself enough to do one of several things: check the quality of your work, learn what is needed, or get someone to do what you can’t. It is a form of due diligence. Dotting your i’s and crossing your t’s, pun intended, is a frame of mind. How you approach writing tells others how you approach the things they rely on from you. It is a direct reflection on your credibility and professionalism.

Non-writing professions

Precision in language is such a big deal because it affects far more than written English.

“Understanding how music is created is comparable to understanding how language is constructed. Like a language, music has syntax, a vocabulary” – from Understanding the Fundamentals of Music, Professor Robert Greenberg, via The Teaching Company.

Computer programming: ditto. How many people would dismiss the precision and accuracy required in constructing a program? It is written in a language complete with its own spelling, syntax, and structure, the details of which a person must learn in order to use it and get effective results.

Artists such as sculptors and painters have their own set of rules for the craft as well, which they must first learn in order to understand how they can be used and when and where they can be broken. How long do artists study? As with most disciplines, professions, and hobbies, it is an ongoing process–lifelong learning.

Why “apostrophe s” for plural?

When we make things plural, even acronyms, we add an “s” and not “apostrophe s,” such as CDs, DVDs. However, as you notice in tip number 6 above, we cannot write “is” or “ts” because of the lowercase letters, so we add the apostrophe for clarity.  My guess is this is where much of the recent confusion about the meaning of apostrophe s and its usage for any plural began.

In addition, we would ordinarily write numbers one to ten out in text (depending on the style guide). But because “6” refers to a numbered list above, it is written as a numeral.

And did you notice that “its” and “it’s” are backwards? Normally, “apostrophe s” denotes either possession (ownership, such as Bill’s car) or contraction (he is –> he’s). But “it’s” is already a contraction of “it is,” so the possessive form is written as “its” to set it apart. (The tree dropped its leaves.) The same applies to “whose” and “who’s.” (Whose book is this? Who’s coming to dinner?)

Finally, this is not showcased here, but a new plague that has arisen is the use of concepts that can be written as one word or two separate words, such as “everyday” and “every day.” They are often used interchangeably, or the one-word version is more frequent. (In children, I’m finding the reverse. Common words such as “somebody” and “everywhere” are written as two words, “some body” and “every where,” respectively.)

In general, the one-word version of a term is used as an adjective, and the two-word version when the second half is a noun. For example,

We go to work every day.
This is our everyday price.

Notice that in the first case, “every” can be substituted out. “We go to work each day” or “we go to work for a day.”

In the second sentence, “everyday” describes what kind of price. “Every” cannot be separated from “day,” but you can substitute a different descriptive word entirely:

This is our sale price.

Language evolution

Every day, I hear something about language evolution. Here’s food for thought. “Alright” is in dictionaries, but it is still not officially accepted in modern grammar books as correct usage in any form. As of now, it is always written as two words, unlike “all ready” and “already,” or “all together” and “altogether.”

“Alright” is not all right. (Here “all right” means “okay” or “correct.”)

All right, I’ll come along. (Means “okay” or, in this case, even “yes” but less definitive or willing.)

Are you all right? (Okay.)
I’ll get to it, all right?
All right
, here it is. (Okay; fine.)
It’s all right to do that.
I’ll check if it’s all right. (Okay; correct.)
It’s cold in here, all right. (That’s for sure.)
All right
! We won! (Hurray!; yeah!)

All right, I’m done.

There is a possibility that in the future grammar books will officially accept “alright” as a version. But this is NOT the same as interchanging “your” and “you’re” or using “apostrophe s” to denote plural. Remember, now we’re talking about completely different parts of speech! There’s a reason the spelling and punctuation for those words is what it is.

This was eloquently stated by Wendy Monaghan Editing Services with reference to style, preferences, and the changing nature of language: “In this case, there are no shadowy interpretations, individual or group preferences, or quirks of individual disciplines. The rule is clear: do not use an apostrophe to indicate plurality.” That is, don’t write your signs as “fries, drink’s, and hot dog’s” or your short form news stand name as “Mag’s.” It’s fries, drinks, and hot dogs, of course, and Mags for Magazines.

When to obey the rules and when to break them

Exceptions are puns in advertising, which have to be used with knowledge and deliberation, and often apply to homonyms, such as “Give us a brake,” which was displayed by City of Edmonton Transit on their buses, requesting cars to please slow down or stop (brake) and let the buses merge into traffic. But it was a play on the frustrated expression, “Give us a break!” which means give us a chance or cut us some slack.

And–what I like to tell my writing students–if you don’t know your grammar, you won’t get the humour!

See also
Unconfusing the Confusion About Writing: Is There Room For Imperfection?

Did You Know It’s An Editor’s Job to Work With the Author, Not Against the Author?

The New Fad of Your

What is Plagiarism Really?

Language Devolution: How Will It Affect Our Thinking?

As well as
Writers – Tips for Using the Right Publishing Service by Louise Harnby | Proofreader in The Proofreader’s Parlour.

© 2012 Eva Blaskovic. All rights reserved.

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Language Devolution: How Will It Affect Our Thinking?

Computer programers pay attention to detail and need to know the language and syntax of the program, which takes time to learn. You and I probably don’t know how to do it because we don’t want to take the time or feel we don’t have the ability, which is why we buy computer programs and games that others have made. But we do get annoyed when the programs are “buggy,” don’t we?

Artists and musicians have their set of rules, and know how to use them and when to break them. We laypeople may not have their skills, knowledge, or talent, but we do recognize when something is “off” versus when something was done deliberately to create a visual or sound effect.

Spelling, grammar, punctuation, and syntax in the English language (and, of course, other languages) are learned. No one expects immediate, intuitive knowledge. Just as you would spend time learning not only to speak but to write another language, so it takes time to learn the conventions of our own language.

If you write, especially for public domains such as the web and printed materials, you have one of two options: learn it yourself or have someone knowledgeable go over your work. In the past, doctors, business people, professors, and the like, had secretaries type out their reports. In the process, their writing was proofread and the result was an error-free document of professional calibre. Many of these secretaries were not only meticulous but had great command of the English language. This was a good thing, and was heavily relied upon in those days because who would trust an expert whose writing was riddled with negligence? Think about it.

Lack of structure in writing–confusing homonyms and plurals/possession, no defining marks such as apostrophes for contractions or periods for ends of sentences, confusing the functions of periods, commas, semi-colons, and colons–is not language evolution, but de-evolution, which is degradation. Why? Because distinctions and clarity are being lost. What we don’t discern in language, we start to not discern in our thoughts. Language directs the clarity of our thinking. Incorrect usage and inconsistency create highly detrimental confusion of what’s what anymore, especially in children. We may still know that the person who wrote “Your welcome,” “your awesome,” or “your going to like this,” meant to write “you’re”–but the next generation will start to lose this level of understanding.

We have an innate sense for parts of speech, even if we can’t academically take apart and label the parts of a sentence. But when what we say and hear is inconsistent with what we write or read, there is turmoil, whether we realize it or not. I liken it to hearing disharmonious notes in music, or viewing a colour scheme that just doesn’t work in art. There is discord. With writing, it’s more subtle, like a background hum that we become aware of only when it stops. We become aware of the intense relief of some stressor having been removed. At least this is the case for those of us who are still aware there is a problem. When we no longer see or hear the problem, we are no longer using that form of method to interpret our world. We are no longer discerning.

This is why today’s writing, particularly that of younger people, is a concern, and why we should care. It has implications. Already the trend has shifted in that people today are not even aware they need an editor, as opposed to in the 1980s, when writing, especially in some disciplines, may have also been poor, but the difference was the people knew it. Younger people pick up on the message that nobody cares about how one writes, so they don’t care. And on it goes.

Language has evolved for thousands of years as a tool to accurately convey our discoveries and higher abstract thoughts. The abysmal manner with which the English language is written today, people think they know what the other is saying, but in time, fine-tuned comprehension will be lost. Our cavemen ancestors understood each others’ grunts and rudimentary language (and they had the benefit of body language because they were in visual range), and eventually they got their message across, but it was probably not that complicated. Or, if it was, they didn’t have a way of communicating the abstract effectively.

Already there are sharable quotes circulating via social media that point out this danger, where lack of periods, for example, or putting them in the wrong place completely changes the thrust of the written work and results in a message that is far from the original intended meaning, or even says the opposite. As you can imagine, this can have significant consequences in work and in relationships.

Improperly used commas or missing commas create ambiguity or outright confusion, and often cause the reader to re-read the passage several times. If a reader has to do this often in the same book or document, he or she is likely to get annoyed or simply skip over it, either misunderstanding or ignoring what was said. This may be simply a nuisance in fiction, but out in the world, misinterpretation of instructions or knowledge can have grave implications.

Poor writing–or the lack of understanding of correct language conventions, grammar, syntax, etc.–is inadequate for communicating higher level thinking and conveying accurate information, which is where our world continues to head in this information, technology, and entertainment age. Language conventions–punctuation as much as the words themselves–are tools that help us accurately convey the meaning of our ingenuity. Don’t underestimate the power and effect of good writing.

Spelling “definitely” as “definately” does not change the meaning or the word type, so it’s an error that is more excusable than the two below:

“Your” is possession/ownership. “You’re” is a noun + verb: “you are.” You don’t say, “Your going to love this” or “your welcome.” My welcome? Didn’t know I had one.

“Effect” is a noun. “Affect” is a verb. The effect of language ignorance is you affect the reader’s interpretation.

Writing is still the the most widely-used form of communication for documenting our inventions and communicating our accumulated wealth of knowledge to others. The ability to make information permanent and transferable has facilitated the explosion of knowledge and technology in the modern world. We cannot afford to lose our footing by reducing the accuracy of self-expression.

We don’t all need to be perfect, but we do need to care.

See also
Writing Tips: When to Adhere to the Rules and When to Break Them, and Why Should You Care, Anyway?

Unconfusing the Confusion About Writing: Is There Room For Imperfection?

Did You Know It’s An Editor’s Job to Work With the Author, Not Against the Author?

© 2012 Eva Blaskovic. All rights reserved.

Posted in Business, Education, Food for Thought, How-To, Return on Investment, Writing and Editing | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Interview With Eva Blaskovic!


Interview With Eva Blaskovic!” with Patty Wiseman, author of An Unlikely Arrangement and An Unlikely Beginning, was published on February 16, 2012 and is posted in Patty’s Inspirations blog.

 

“The story draws attention to the complex world of family dynamics and the power of unconditional love. I think at this stage, the biggest message I want to get out is how people can make a difference in someone’s life. Acceptance and unconditional love provide the fuel we use for exploration, the courage that lets us take risks, the armour that keeps us intact, and the nourishment that feeds our souls—all of which we need in order to triumph.” – Eva Blaskovic (Patty’s Inspirations Blog)

Read the in-depth interview, including
10. What encouragement would you give an unpublished writer?

Posted in Dreams and Goals, Fiction, Food for Thought, Inspiration, Relationships, Writing and Editing | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment